What is the Best Way to Get Around in Uganda?

Best Way to Get Around in Uganda: Navigating Uganda’s diverse landscapes, bustling cities, and cultural gems requires an understanding of the country’s transportation options. From vibrant urban centers like Kampala to the remote wilderness of national parks such as Murchison Falls and Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, travelers have several means of getting around Uganda. 

While public transport like matatus and boda bodas are the best way to get around Uganda for short trips on a budget, a variety of other options are available to suit your travel style. Buses and coaches connect major cities and towns across the country, offering a comfortable and affordable choice. For those seeking the freedom to explore at their own pace, renting a car is a popular option, giving you the flexibility to discover Uganda’s hidden gems. Domestic flights provide a convenient option for covering long distances quickly, especially if your itinerary is packed. Additionally, tourist shuttles and guided tours cater specifically to visitors exploring popular tourist destinations, taking the guesswork out of navigating unfamiliar areas.

However, getting around in Uganda features several factors from encountering local traffic with cyclists and cattle to navigating through occasional traffic jams and potholes, especially in remote areas, where many of Uganda’s tourist attractions are located, as well as in major towns. 

Additionally, road conditions in Uganda vary depending on the season: for instance, during dry spells, murram roads can be very dusty, and the wet season brings muddy conditions, necessitating a reliable 4-wheel drive vehicle for navigating remote roads. Understanding these transportation choices ensures a smooth and enjoyable journey through the captivating landscapes and cultural heritage of Uganda.

If you are planning for a self-drive safari in Uganda, ensure you have the necessary documents including a valid international driving permit. This will help you to comply with the local traffic regulations while on your Uganda safari.

Best Way to Get Around in Uganda

What is the Best Way to Get Around in Uganda?

There are several ways travelers on Uganda safaris can navigate this diversely endowed East African country, depending on one’s itinerary, preferences, and overall budget. Here are some of the different ways of getting around in Uganda;

Public Transportation

Buses and Coaches

Buses and coaches are the safest and most convenient means of public transportation in Uganda, especially from major cities like Kampala and Entebbe to the countryside. Uganda boasts an efficient bus system and there are several bus companies operating journeys from Kampala to various destinations in the country including Global, Swift, and Perfect Coaches (to south-western Uganda), Gaa Gaa Buses (West Nile), Elgon Flyer, Mash, and YY Coaches (Mbale and eastern routes to Kenya), Kalita and Link (Fort Portal) and Post Bus (Gulu) among many others. 

While not always the best way to get around Uganda, buses offer a budget-friendly and adventurous option for backpackers with flexible schedules. Departure times can vary, so be prepared for some fluidity in your itinerary. For example, a trip from Kampala to Kabale near Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park takes about 8 – 9 hours and costs around \$11. However, large modern coaches on highways can reach speeds of 100 km/h or faster, allowing for quicker travel between the capital and major cities and towns compared to some other options.

Minibuses (Taxis)

Locally known as taxis, minibusses are also common modes of public transportation for short to medium distances within cities and towns. Most public taxis used include vans with a maximum capacity of 14 passengers and readily available and affordable. These taxis don’t have fixed schedules but will often depart when full, usually every ten to 30 minutes on busy routes. Compared to buses, minibusses are cheaper on short routes but a bit higher than buses for longer routes. 

There’s a strict law allowing only three passengers per row, making travel more comfortable and passengers are expected to pay just before arriving at their destination. All minibusses operating taxis in Uganda must have a blue-and-white band as per the regulations. Taxis in Uganda can be crowded but are affordable and widely available.


Boda Bodas

While public transportation like matatus and boda bodas are a popular and adventurous way to experience Uganda, especially for short trips, they might not be the best way to get around Uganda for everyone. Boda bodas, also known as motorcycle taxis, reign supreme for quick rides within cities and towns. These ubiquitous two-wheeled workhorses, ranging from mopeds to motorbikes, come equipped with back cushions and offer a cheap and thrilling way to navigate bustling streets. Fares are negotiable and very affordable, often starting as low as UGX 1,000.

Boda bodas offer a quick way to navigate traffic, especially in major cities like Kampala, Jinja, and Mbale among others, but safety precautions such as wearing a helmet are essential. Boda-boda riders are always deficient in formal training and road safety awareness. Nonetheless, it is worth noting that you can always tell the motorist to drive you slowly and safely, as per your preferences.

Best Way to Get Around in Uganda

Special Hire and Urban Taxis

Special hire taxis and urban taxis also, known as metered and non-metered taxis refer to vehicles rented privately to renting a private car to transport you someplace. Special hire taxis are distinguished are white saloon cars often distinguished by the yellow and black stripes on them. Urban taxis on the other hand include online taxi services such as Uber, Bolt, and Safe Car, among others. Special hire taxis can be expensive, but they are a convenient method for hotel drop-offs and pick-ups, especially if you share the cost with other people. Many large hotels and resorts in Uganda also have special rental cabs, which are reliable.

Private Transportation

Rental Cars

Renting a car with or without a driver is a convenient option for exploring Uganda at your own pace. Major cities and tourist hubs have car rental agencies offering a range of vehicles. 

Some tour operators in Uganda also own vehicles for car rental. Car rental in Uganda ranges from \$50 to \$250 per day depending on the choice of car, and the distance to be covered. Several types of cars offered for car rental in Uganda include 4WDs such as Land cruisers, TXs, Super custom, VIP coaches, Costas, Limousines, and vans, among others. You can choose to either rent a car with a driver or opt for self-drive.


There is also an option for self-driving in Uganda; however, it is better suited for experienced travelers or those familiar with the diverse road conditions of the country. If you opt for self-drive, it’s crucial to hire a car from a reputable agency. For first-time visitors or those less confident in unfamiliar terrain, relying on local drivers may be preferable. 

A good driver from such agencies can provide interpretative commentary during your journey, allowing you to enjoy scenic views without worrying about navigation. This way, you can make the most of your trip while ensuring safety and convenience on the road. Self-driving allows flexibility in your itinerary. However, be prepared for varying road conditions and make sure you possess a valid international

Best Way to Get Around in Uganda

Domestic Flights

Domestic flights are ideal for saving time on long-distance travel, and several domestic airlines operate daily domestic and charter flights between Entebbe International Airport and several airstrips near major safari destinations and national parks in Uganda. Most of these flights take between 30 minutes to 2 hours depending on the location of your preferred destination. Top domestic airlines in Uganda include AeroLink, Eagle Air, and BAR Aviation, to name a few.

Best Way to Get Around in Uganda

Tips for the Best Way to Get Around in Uganda

Choose Reliable Transport: Always opt for reputable transport options such as established bus companies, licensed taxis, or recommended car hire agencies to ensure safety and reliability during your travels.

Plan for Your Travel: It is also essential to research your routes and transportation options in advance, especially for longer journeys or remote areas. Consider factors like road conditions, travel time, and availability of services along the way.

Be Flexible: Public transport schedules in Uganda can be fluid, especially in rural areas, and thus require flexibility. Be prepared for potential delays and have contingency plans in place.

Use GPS and Maps: Carry a map or use GPS/navigation apps on your phone to navigate unfamiliar areas, especially if you’re self-driving or using public transport.

Negotiate Fares: When using taxis or car rentals, negotiate fares in advance to avoid misunderstandings or being overcharged. You can also seek guidance on reasonable prices from the locals or your accommodation.

Travel During Daylight: Whenever possible, plan your journeys during daylight hours for better visibility and safety on the roads especially in remote areas.

Stay Informed: It is always advisable to keep up-to-date with local news and road conditions, especially during rainy seasons or in areas prone to traffic congestion or roadblocks.

Respect Local Customs: Follow local norms and customs, including local traffic rules, and show respect to drivers, passengers, and locals during your travels.

Pack Essentials: Carry essentials like water, snacks, a first-aid kit, and the necessary documents (Passport or ID, permits, driving license, etc.) for a comfortable and hassle-free journey.

Stay Safe: Always prioritize safety at all times, buckle up if driving, avoid late-night travel in unfamiliar areas, and trust your instincts if a situation feels unsafe.


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